The special practises performed under the minimally invasive treatment procedure are referred to as Interventional Radiology (IR). To find more precision in the treatment, it uses image guidance technology. These images are considered to guide the treatment procedure, which may involve the use of needles or other small tools, such as small tubes or catheters. So a lager assistant can be found by the interventional radiologist to direct these instruments through the body to the area of damaged parts. This specific method has proved to be helpful in diagnosing some of the most dangerous diseases including cancer. Its methods are per se angiogram for diagnostic purposes only.Checkout Pulse Vascular, Vineland for more info.
Some common interventional modalities such as fluoroscopy, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT), and ultrasound scanners are used in the IR technique. To find rapid and geometrically precise therapy, fluoroscopy and CT use ionising radiation. The MRI technique is also capable of providing superior tissue contrast, but requires a specialised tool, so for patients it is a bit expansive.
There are some common procedures that are performed using interventional radiology techniques. Several of the processes are as—
Angiography – X-ray imaging of blood vessels to detect vessel blockage or narrowing. Physicians can insert a tiny stent with the help of IR images to inflate and open the blocked vessels.
Balloon angioplasty/stent-a small balloon on the tip of the catheter is used by the doctor here to widen the narrow vessel.
Chemoembolization – The treatment of a tumour is directly administered through its blood supply under this method. To check blood flow in the artery, it uses clot-inducing material.
Needle biopsy – a small needle is inserted, guided by imaging techniques, into the damaged part of the body. It is possible to perform such a biopsy without surgical intervention.
Insertion of catheters – A catheter is inserted into a large vein in this process to deliver chemotherapy drugs, nutritional support, and hemodialysis. The catheters, such as diagnostic angiographic catheters, micro catheters, drainage catheters, balloon catheters, central venous catheters, can be divided into five types.
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